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Biowarfare and Terrorism
by Francis A. Boyle

Language

English

Pages

139

Publication Date

October 31, 2005

Product Description
Customer Reviews
This book reviews the historical background for the law, policy, and science behind biological weapons in the United States: how and why the United States government initiated, sustained, and then dramatically expanded an illegal biological arms race with potentially catastrophic consequences for the human species and its supporting biosphere on this fragile planet Earth. By contextualizing the politico-legal and scientific environment in which the first biowarfare terrorist attack against the U.S. government鈥攖he anthrax attack on Congress of 2001鈥攖ook place, it also seeks to shed new light on these disquieting questions: Why did this historically unprecedented event disappear so swiftly from public media discussion? Why has the FBI search for the perpetrators lost steam? Why has Congress itself failed to pursue both the specific instance and the ramifications of this terrorist attack upon it, and the failure to find a perpetrator? Why has there been no outcry at that failure? For what reasons might the true perpetrators never be found? Most significantly, Boyle probes the vastly expanded US biowarfare research and related civilian preparedness programs, revealing a discovery related to the Chemical and Biological Research Project which could lead to a public outcry at the latest escalation in the Bush administration鈥檚 violation of the Biological Weapons Convention. He then provides a politico-legal and scientific environment in which the first biowarfare terrorist attack against the U.S. government鈥攖he anthrax attack on Congress of 2001鈥攖ook place, it also seeks to shed new light on these disquieting questions: Why did this historically unprecedented event disappear so swiftly from public media discussion? Why has the FBI search for the perpetrators lost steam? Why has Congress itself failed to pursue both the specific instance and the ramifications of this terrorist attack upon it, and the failure to find a perpetrator? Why has there been no outcry at that failure? For what reasons might the true perpetrators never be found? Most significantly, Boyle probes the vastly expanded US biowarfare research and related civilian preparedness programs, revealing a discovery related to the Chemical and Biological Research Project which could lead to a public outcry at the latest escalation in the Bush administration鈥檚 violation of the Biological Weapons Convention. He then provides a politico-legal guide on how to arrest the determination of successive American administrations to open the biowarfare Pandora鈥檚 Box.
Regulation of Cloud Services under US and EU Antitrust, Competiti...
by S謾ra Gabriella Hoffman

Language

English

Pages

252

Publication Date

December 05, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>This book examines how cloud-based services challenge the current application of antitrust and privacy laws in the EU and the US. The author looks at the elements of data centers, the way information is organized, and how antitrust, competition and privacy laws in the US and the EU regulate cloud-based services and their market practices. She discusses how platform interoperability can be a driver of incremental innovation and the consequences of not promoting radical innovation. She evaluates applications of predictive analysis based on big data as well as deriving privacy-invasive conduct. She looks at the way antitrust and privacy laws approach consumer protection and how lawmakers can reach more balanced outcomes by understanding the technical background of cloud-based services.</p>
The Role of the Public Bureaucracy in Policy Implementation in Fi...
by Jon S. T. Quah

Language

English

Pages

489

Publication Date

February 12, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
This pioneering book addresses an important gap in the literature by comparing the role of the public bureaucracies in policy implementation in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam. It highlights the importance of the policy context, especially the commitment of the government in allocating the necessary resources and the support of the implementers, as well as the public bureaucracy's effectiveness, as the critical factors responsible for effective policy implementation. The comparative analysis shows that the public bureaucracies in Singapore and Malaysia are more effective in policy implementation than their counterparts in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam because of their favourable policy contexts and higher level of organizational effectiveness. The focus on policy context and the public bureaucracy's role in the policy-making process and its implementation of two ASEAN policies will be of interest to policymakers, civil servants, scholars and students concerned with enhancing policy implementation in the ASEAN countries.
Human Rights Transformed: Positive Rights and Positive Duties
by Sandra Fredman FBA

Language

English

Pages

281

Publication Date

March 06, 2008

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Human rights have traditionally been understood as protecting individual freedom against intrusion by the State. In this book, Sandra Fredman argues that this understanding requires radical revision. Human rights are based on a far richer view of freedom, which goes beyond being let alone, and instead pays attention to individuals' ability to exercise their rights.<br /><br />This view fundamentally shifts the focus of human rights. As well as restraining the State, human rights require the State to act positively to remove barriers and facilitate the exercise of freedom. This in turn breaks down traditional distinctions between civil and political rights and socio-economic rights. Instead, all rights give rise to a range of duties, both negative and positive. However, because positive duties have for so long been regarded as a question of policy or aspiration,<br />little sustained attention has been given to their role in actualising human rights. Drawing on comparative experience from India, South Africa, the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Union, Canada and the UK, this book aims to create a theoretical and applied framework for<br />understanding positive human rights duties.<br /><br />Part I elaborates the values of freedom, equality, and solidarity underpinning a positive approach to human rights duties, and argues that the dichotomy between democracy and human rights is misplaced. Instead, positive human rights duties should strengthen rather than substitute for democracy, particularly in the face of globalization and privatization. Part II considers justiciability, fashioning a democratic role for the courts based on their potential to stimulate deliberative democracy in<br />the wider environment. Part III applies this framework to key positive duties, particularly substantive equality and positive duties to provide, traditionally associated with the Welfare State or socio-economic rights.
The Law and Practice of Piracy at Sea: European and International...
by Panos Koutrakos

Language

English

Pages

416

Publication Date

December 01, 2014

Product Description
Customer Reviews
This collection of essays provides a comprehensive assessment of the legal and policy approaches to maritime counter-piracy adopted by the EU and other international actors over the last few years. As the financial cost of Somali piracy for the maritime industry and the world economy as a whole was estimated to have reached $18 billion by 2010, the phenomenon of piracy at sea has steadily grown in significance and has recently attracted the attention of international policy makers. Moreover, piracy is intrinsically linked to state failure and other pathologies bred by it, such as organised crime and terrorism.<br /><br />This book adopts a holistic approach to the topic, examining approaches to piracy as these emerge in different geographical areas, as well as tackling the central issues which counter-piracy raises in terms of the most topical aspects of international law (international humanitarian law and armed conflict, piracy and terrorism, use of force). It also focuses on the approach of the EU, placing counter-piracy in its broader legal context. Providing a detailed doctrinal exploration of the issues which counter-piracy raises, it emphasises and draws upon the insights of the practice of counter-piracy by bringing together academic lawyers and the legal advisers of the main actors in the area (EU, US, NATO, UK).<br />The book raises fundamental questions about the law and practice of international law: are the rules of the international law of the sea on piracy still relevant? To what extent has the shared interest of international actors in tackling piracy given rise to common practices? Do the interactions among the actors examined in the book suggest fragmentation or unity of the international legal order? Is it premature to view these interactions as signalling the gradual emergence of global law in the area? This common analytical frame of reference is underlined by the concluding part, which draws these threads together.<br /><br />The book will be of interest to legal scholars, political scientists and international relations theorists, as well as decision-makers and students of law, politics and international relations.
Risk Assessments and Safe Machinery: Ensuring Compliance with the...
by Torben Jespen

Language

English

Pages

256

Publication Date

May 03, 2016

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>This book describes the prerequisites for the placing on the<br />market and the safe use of machinery in compliance with the relevant EU<br />Directives, especially the Machinery Directive 2006/42. It provides readers<br />with high-level knowledge concerning the Essential Health and Safety<br />Requirements (EHSR) that machinery must fulfill. The approach and principles of<br />the Machinery Directive were most recently made worldwide acknowledged in the ILO code of practice on safe machinery, released in 2013. The book addresses<br />that code, as well as providing valuable insight into other EU Product and<br />Workplace legislation.</p><br /><br /><p>Focusing on the key aspect of safe machinery, the 鈥渕achinery<br />safety risk assessment鈥? which allows readers to better understand the more<br />difficult aspects of risk assessments, the book equips readers to tackle<br />problems at the manufacturing stage and in different use scenarios, introducing<br />them to risk reduction techniques and functional safety aspects.</p>
Private Sector Investment in Infrastructure: Project Finance, PPP...
by Jeffrey Delmon

Language

English

Pages

568

Publication Date

October 28, 2015

Product Description
Customer Reviews
<p>Investment in infrastructure is critical to economic growth, quality of life, poverty reduction, access to education, good quality healthcare, and achieving many of the goals of a robust and dynamic economy. However, infrastructure is difficult for the public sector to get right.</p><br /><p></p><br /><p>This remarkably insightful and enormously useful book, now in its third edition, shows how the private sector (through public鈥損rivate partnerships 鈥?PPP) can provide more efficient procurement through cheaper, faster, and better quality; refocus infrastructure services on consumer satisfaction and life cycle maintenance; place the financial burden of providing infrastructure on consumers rather than taxpayers; and provide new sources of investment, in particular through limited recourse debt (i.e., project financing). Taking the particular challenges associated with PPP fully into account. this book provides a practical guide to PPP in all the following ways and more:</p><br /><p></p><br /><ul><br /><li>- how governments can enable and encourage PPP;</li><br /><li>- how PPP financing works;</li><br /><li>- what PPP contractual structures look like; and</li><br /><li>- most importantly, how PPP risk allocation works in practice.</li><br /></ul><br /><p></p><br /><p>Specific discussion of each infrastructure sector is provided.</p><br /><p></p><br /><p>Lawyers and business people, civil engineers, economic development officials and specialists, banking and insurance professionals, and academics will all find the ground well covered in this book, as well as new ground broken.</p>
Cyber Warfare and the Laws of War (Cambridge Studies in Internati...
by Heather Harrison Dinniss

Language

English

Pages

359

Publication Date

July 19, 2012

Product Description
Customer Reviews
The information revolution has transformed both modern societies and the way in which they conduct warfare. Cyber Warfare and the Laws of War analyses the status of computer network attacks in international law and examines their treatment under the laws of armed conflict. The first part of the book deals with the resort to force by states and discusses the threshold issues of force and armed attack by examining the permitted responses against such attacks. The second part offers a comprehensive analysis of the applicability of international humanitarian law to computer network attacks. By examining the legal framework regulating these attacks, Heather Harrison Dinniss addresses the issues associated with this method of attack in terms of the current law and explores the underlying debates which are shaping the modern laws applicable in armed conflict.
International Organizations: Politics, Law, Practice
by Ian Hurd

Language

English

Pages

284

Publication Date

October 31, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
Now in its third edition, this leading undergraduate textbook has been revised and updated throughout to take account of recent developments in world politics. Concise and engagingly written, the book is core reading for courses on international organizations, international law and politics, and global governance. Unlike other textbooks in the field, it takes readers behind the scenes of the world's most important international institutions to explore their legal authority and the political controversies that they generate. It presents chapter-length case studies of the world's leading international organizations, with attention to the legal, political, and practical aspects. The new edition adds depth to the discussion of international relations theory and features new case material on Brexit, the Argentine sovereign debt, the Syrian war, the cholera epidemic in Haiti, and more.
International Law
by Malcolm N. Shaw

Language

English

Pages

1118

Publication Date

September 30, 2017

Product Description
Customer Reviews
International Law is the definitive and authoritative text on the subject, offering Shaw's unbeatable combination of clarity of expression and academic rigour and ensuring both understanding and critical analysis in an engaging and authoritative style. Encompassing the leading principles, practice and cases, and retaining and developing the detailed references which encourage and assist the reader in further study, this new edition motivates and challenges students and professionals while remaining accessible and engaging. Fully updated to reflect recent case law and treaty developments, this edition contains an expanded treatment of the relationship between international and domestic law, the principles of international humanitarian law, and international criminal law alongside additional material on international economic law.

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